L 3 (%): Bowler or a Fielding Team conceding 3 or less runs/over.
A bowler conceding 3 or less runs per over, is considered as an excellent economical bowler. If one can find how constant he concedes less than 3 runs, and sum them up, then we will able to establish how discipline he has been. Like other indicators, this also can be applied to Team Performance.
Example for Calculating (L 3 ) Formula:
Glen McGrath (Australia in Pakistan, 3- Test series, 1998)
Inns : 4
Overs (Balls) 120.5 (725)
Runs : 344
Wickets : 12
C M (Consecutive Maiden) Overs : 6
Maiden Overs : 34
C 3 (consecutive 3 or less runs/over) : 32
L 3 (Less than 3 Runs per over) : 71
L 3 (%) : 71 / 120.5 = 58.92 %
Note: Extras(byes & leg byes) are not included in this indicator, but error balls are (no balls & wides) included