30 Apr / 2012There are only two ways a batsman can bat….


Technique’ is the most hyped & emphasised jargon used in the cricketing world.  To understand technique, one has to know the grammar of cricket.., in  batting, bowling and fielding Grammar is very important, I feel, since technique can always be tweaked for adapting to situations.But grammar …no. Grammar is similar to the laws of nature. For instance people do not walk backwards, or one cannot sit and bat, or that you do not apply sweat on rubber/tennis ball for it to swing!.


And Technique should be related to scoring runs, because in reality scoring runs and not the technique, should be the paramount concern for a batsman.    


There are only two ways a batsman can bat viz. with a vertical bat & with a horizontal bat.

Let’s start with batting From the inception of cricket, short-straight in line-high- bounce deliveries were always difficult to score off. In fact more than 50% of the batsmen would get out to this kind of a delivery. And if not, they would be scared and would sway away, to avoid getting hit. I reckon this technique still remains the favourite amongst fast bowlers provided it exceeds a certain height and speed. Otherwise it becomes a liability for them and their team.

However, batsmen in the last few years have found a new technique to score runs (not necessarily to counter this kind of a delivery) viz. the slap shot. Either the flourishing format of T20 games, childhood inheritance or the inability to score runs by playing conventional shots could have been responsible for this A cross batted swat/slap shot: – a few years ago this technique was considered to be incorrect by some experts. But now it has become a beautiful jargon for them, since it is consistently fetching runs …in plenty.

According to me, the do’s of the batsmen are :

* Improvising their technique to help them score runs in all conditions, against all types of bowling, and not to help defend their wicket.  However it is the pressure created by a situation that makes a player weak or strong, and their inability to control the situation leads to their downfall.

* Improvising their technique to return to form if they lose it. This can be done either by watching other players (similar to him either in technique or in temperament) live in action or in videos, or watching his own videos, or watching himself in the mirror while playing. In the last scenario, a coach or an assistant should be there to monitor his technique.

* Trying to find common patterns and imbibing them while watching other players play. The idea is not to replicate them.  


Technique is the most hyped and emphasised jargon used in world cricket…..

And the reason for this might be the length of the game (too long, and too slow) or – at any given moment there are three different cricket skills viz. batting, bowling, fielding, employed by three different players  play and they all have to synchronise to produce results. This can be done without scoring a run or getting a wicket.

I personally feel when these 3 skills merge together then technique becomes the primary object of discussion by everyone, as they are pitted against each other every time. Sometimes it’s strange when a bad ball gets a wicket due to a bad shot played, or a good shot played and the fielding is excellent. Also good balls go for a boundary.

If closely observed, every player changes his technique over a period of time, and lately they have been doing in the midst of their innings. At most times its so subtle that they are not aware of it. Therefore any player, from any country, playing in any condition and any situation, can have his own technique provided he is consistently successful in its execution. Which is why change is bound to happen. We are humans, not machines, and there are various factors that lead us to change, automatically.

However he needs to find out what has helped him to succeed while playing. Sometimes it’s not easy. Hence he needs to alter a few things, try out new things, which would help him to find the problem and the solution to it. If he doesn’t try, then he won’t know. Therefore decision making becomes paramount. And once his decision produces the result (success or failure), then he becomes confident to understand whether or not to apply that skill.  He would also know what is good for him for that moment and how to employ a particular skill at a given time. This confidence is the key for him to move on.  


Now, going back to the type of shots a batsman can play   viz. vertical & horizontal bat shots.

Top hand is his guiding hand, or the radar-hand, and the bottom hand is the power hand. With the help of supple wrists, a batsman can be more effective in playing either horizontal or vertical shot. In cricket, unlike some other sports. both hands and feet are used simultaneously.

For instance, in badminton, where though the shuttlecocks are light, it is almost impossible to play with both hands or take turns to play with either hand.  Why do you think so ? Because though the shuttlecock goes up fast it comes down  slowly. And since the length of play court is only 13 meters, it is never easy to play with both hands. In tennis, the play court is longer, and instead of the shuttlecock, there is this soft tennis ball which travels faster.  The racquet is big and powerful. Still most players use both their hands to full effect and success.

I wonder if these racquet sports’ techniques can be used in cricket to deal with the short-vertical-fast-bouncy-ball ! 


A quick look at the table below shows on which type of deliveries the horizontal or the vertical shots can be played. It is interesting to note here that the vertical shots cannot be played to a high rising ball.   

*Please also note that it is not possible for a batsman to play a defensive shot with a horizontal bat (unless it is ‘blind cricket’)


If a batsman can anticipate short pitch deliveries coming towards him, and is able to move away and play horizontal shots, then it can be dealt with. But how does one practice without knowing when a bowler will pitch it short or full, slow or fast ?


The answer to this could be as follows :   

1-   If a batsman stands with a high back lift (a la Gooch), his chances of playing either vertical or horizontal shots is greater, than if his bat is grounded. This is because the bat is lighter when it is not grounded. (but please note that the top hand needs more control to guide the ball. Hence the grip needs to be firmer when guiding)

2-  A batsman should stand open-chested (2 eyed stance) with his back leg covering almost the middle-off stump, and the front leg wide outside leg stump. This is how Kepler Wessels used to stand (But beware of the gap between the legs, since this allows the bowlers to bowl in-swingers & Yorkers)

3-  Hand Power: Strong hands with supple wrists are important  here. Like the drummers in bands who play the drum solo with great flexibility and speed without banging the drum plates. Also badminton players who use their wrists very late to guide the shuttle.  

 4-  Balance of the feet – The way the racquet sports players allow their body to be in a position to play either vertical or horizontal shots or leave them is amazing. In cricket, I am not sure if the umpire will allow a batsman to move constantly like the racquet players do. But if they allow, then the batsmen need to move like them, and balance themselves to apply complete power to play horizontal shots.  

However the fact of the matter is every batsman on this planet was and is conditioned to bat with a conventional stance & a still position

The 4 techniques mentioned above have definitely helped the current batsmen to perform better, as can be seen in the few examples below. These batsmen have great control over the vertical and horizontal shots and it doesn’t matter which format they excel in……..only scoring runs matter, irrespective whether it is in TEST, ODI or T20.



A batsman can only play with a vertical bat  & with a horizontal bat!.













Here are a few examples of batsmen who have great control over the vertical and horizontal shots –

In recent times ‘slap cover drive’ has become a regular method with a lot of batsmen, David Warner is one of them. In past even Ricky Ponting uses, though with a vertical bat which looked very conventional to naked eye…


* Roelof van der Merwe – He was the first batsman I saw who effectively played the “slap shots”, dangerously, but successfully (in IPL 2009). As i distinctly remember Morne Morkel (Rajasthan)’s one spell getting “mashed” by Van der Merwe, as he played those gruesome shots over point boundary with his head turned to the leg side. This ordeal continued repeatedly in that IPL!!.


* Tilakratne Dilshan – Plays the “scoop” shot regularly, going on knee and slapping the ball over keeper’s head, and has been employing it in all type of pitches.


* Darren Sammy – He has the unique ability to move across the crease to play big shots. He doesn’t shuffle before the ball is bowled. His feet move like those of tennis players, as he goes deep inside and across the crease to good length balls to slap them over long on or midwicket. Whenever he plays these shots, it appears that he “lift-drag” these balls over the ropes. The bouncers are treated with horizontal jabs, similarly to tennis players, he stands tall with legs apart, and slaps flat batted. So far he has been very successful in suitable conditions, and he hardly miscues, or mis-times any of his power hits. 

His style of batting is the most effective way to attack bouncers, and so far he has been very successful. We would see more of this kind of batting next month in England where pitches would be much livelier than Sammy has ever played in his short Test career.


*Virendra Sehwag: Master of vertical shots. His ability to move away from the ball, and yet time and place them where he wants signifies his class as an top class batsman.

 * Dwayne Bravo – I haven’t seen any batsman who plays everything vertically except the pull and the hook shot, which is not a regular technique used by him. And like David Warner, he doesnt play a sweep shot.

* David Warner – A fine example of a player who plays the horizontal slap shots very successfully. Phil Hughes is another player who plays this shot, but with less consistency. A drive shot from Warner is less vertical, and more horizontal, since they powered by his bottom hand. This suggests that there is a gap between his bat and his body allowing him more space to play. Yet he’s hardly been out L B W or BOWLED…which is quite interesting, considering he is a left-handed opener, who generally are prone to these kind of dismissals. For that matter even Phil Hughes has had less of these dismissals.  As mentioned earlier, we haven’t seen David Warner play a sweep shot.

* Shane Watson – The only batsman in recent times who has the ability to change his technique in the middle of his innings with great success. To me, it seems that he is doing this to merely score runs and not stay at the crease. Lately he has developed a unique way of playing an on-drive. Its more of a “slap straight on-drives” and its very eye catching. 

An on-drive is the most precious skill in batting, and the most difficult shot for a batsman to master.

Watson’s uniqueness comes from his bottom hand, which guides the ball very late, as he comes over the ball with a straight bat and places between the umpire and the non-striker. The late adjustment of his wrists enables him to guide the ball straight, not always along the ground but always in gap. It appears that his approach to batting is only to seek runs. 

In the past, batsmen like Graham Gooch changed their batting stance, so that they could be more consistent. Gooch employed this high back lift technique, which helped him score faster. And big scores followed consistently, on all surfaces. His statistics showed that more runs were scored with this high back lift technique.

Then there were batsmen like Kepler Wessels, Jack Russell, Jimmy Adams, & Chanderpaul(current) who approached their batting with a very unique batting stance. But this uniqueness was to safe guard their wicket, and not to necessary to score fast or more runs !. Some players in the past had weird techniques, and it helped them do the basics, rather than play aggressively.

Finally I am of the view that batsmen should add these different skills for attacking, not losing their basic skills in the bargain. They should keep on improving these new skills so much so that it becomes a part of their regular skill set.  For a batsman, technique is to score runs for his team & himself, and not defend his wicket.

To add to this argument, here is a link to an article sent by my brother, which explains the time it takes for a batsman to play horizontal and vertical shots.


I found a very interesting sub-link in this article –


This is about the visual-motor system, according to neuroscience. I hope the above 2 articles help coaches train the batsmen in handling quality fast vertical deliveries. I also believe that regular practice and simulation will be of great help.

Here is a link to video of how to play H V shots. 



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