Is batting first in Test match a good option for teams ?.
It will depend on how their top order counter the new ball, and in doing so how many runs/wkts they score in 1st session/day one/1st innings.
Here is a summary of 1st innings year wise – featuring first batting/1st innings, and second batting/1st innings.
Table 1 :
features all records in all nations since 2011. The fluctuation of averages is very similar whether you bat first or second in 1st innings!.
|All record (1st inns)||1st inns- 1st bat||1st inn -2nd bat|
Table 2 :
Its very apparent that sub-continent fetches more runs, but host prefer to bat second. Year 2013 & 2014 is a great example of team’s performance while batting second. Along with average their scoring rate has increased, helping their boundary rate as well.
|In sub-continent(1st inns)||1st inns- 1st bat||1st inn -2nd bat|
Table 3 :
Team’s performance in 1st innings. Certain team prefer aperform better while batting first(Aus, SA, WI, NZ & ZIM)in the first innings. However teams from sub-continent (India, Pak, SL and Bangladesh) prefer and perform better batting second in 1st innings, as you can find a huge difference in their batting average.
|All record (2011-2014)||1st inns- 1st bat||1st inn -2nd bat|
In table 3 , we saw overall Asian team perform/prefer batting second. Is this the same in sub-continent?. No, this does not remain the same for stronger batting sides!.
Teams like India, SL perform well in either innings, its only Pak & Bangladesh who fair poorly when they are bat first in 1st innings.
Interestingly West Indies have performed much better in sub-continent than at home or away(non-asian grounds).
SA have a balanced performance.
England like Pak, Bangladesh prefer to bat second, and Australia haven’t batted second in sub-continent in last 4 years.
|Sub-continent(2011-2014)||1st inns- 1st bat||1st inn -2nd bat|
Here is a link to meaning of all indicators/formula –